What is LPG

LPG is an acronym used for Liquefied Petroleum Gas. It is a mixture or gaseous concoction of some hydrocarbons. It includes butylenes, propylene, butane as well as propane, which is present in substantial part. It is a flammable mixture and one needs to be highly cautious when dealing with it.

Liquefied petroleum gas is a fossil fuel and hence, non-renewable in nature. It comes from crude oil and natural gas as a part of an extraction process. It is normally in a gaseous state under normal atmospheric pressure and ambient temperatures. Albeit, it is non-toxic, it is still highly dangerous since it has potential to be abused like certain solvents.

LPG LPG was first said to be discovered Dr. Walter Snelling in the early part of the 20th century. It was then, when the world was introduced to liquefied petroleum gas and it was Snelling who as a scientist discovered that some gases could be stored as liquids under moderate pressure. Most of the uses of LPG were discovered as well as developed from 1912 to 1920. It was in 1912 when the first LPG cooking stove was created. A year later, in 1913, the first car which could run on LPG was manufactured.

The main LPG manufacturing industry received an impetus just before the world saw its first world war and it was sold commercially only in 1920, which was much later. When it comes to uses of this fuel, there are aplenty. It is used as a motor fuel, cooking gas, for heating as well as refrigeration purposes and even for certain high end industrial processes.

The exact process which goes into the making of LPG is by refining petroleum. It is even acquired by refining natural gas in its ‘wet’ form. Preferably fossil fuel sources go into the making. Sometimes it is extracted from gas streams which emerge from under the ground.

The most self-sufficient continent in LPG is none other Europe. It has the widest range of sources and also a consistent as well as flexible supply chain. It uses many routes like road, rail and water hence the security of supply!

Propane – the considerable part of LPG

Propane is a gas, which is a by-product of petroleum refining or natural gas processing. It is a fuel and is stored in a liquid state. It is said that one litre of propane is equivalent in energy by about 75% of a litre of gasoline. It of course has a higher risk factor since it is heavier than air. It has a more potent risk with regard to explosions.

LPG so far, has no problems pertaining to its supply and it still exceeds the demand. This is one reason why it is still priced lower than most other hydrocarbons. LPG is hence cheaper if brought to use. But, even then, there are many obstacles in the path of widespread usage with regard to LPG. The main obstacles are:

· Lack of infrastructure in most Asian, African and Latin American countries

· Lack of knowhow

· High costs of inspection as well as maintenance when it comes to vehicles which run on LPG

· Limited accessibility in terms of supply in some developing nations

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