LPG Gas Cylinders and LPG Stoves

December 14th, 2010 No Comments »

LPG Gas is the most effective, modern, efficient and easily accessible energy source now days. Here LPG stands for Liquefied petroleum gas, No matter where you are using it at Home or business, it will save you cost on any other energy source. They are available in the cylinders or the tanks or even in the bottles. They can be filled by treating this Liquefied Petroleum gas at some fixed temperature. In hospitals bottled gas is used while operation or any other medical emergency. LPG stoves are also used in huge quantities these days which ease the work and provides great care and safety. There are many stoves in the market but these LPG stoves are one of the best among them.LPG Gas Cylinders

Usage of LPG Gas Cylinder

In Home

LPG gas cylinders are used very efficiently these days because they are very affordable and accessible. One of most common use of this LPG gas cylinder is in the kitchen with the stove for the cooking and heating purpose. These cylinders are very easy to install, use and refill. These LPG gas cylinders are the best alternative for the central heating in the room and it can be fitted in the less space than the storage tank. These cylinders come with the safety valve which makes sure that the gas comes out in a constant speed and this valve can be switched off also when not in use. Such kind of safety measure brings peace of mind and ease of use.

Outdoor

Most of the people use these LPG gas cylinders in the cars also as an alternative source of energy which is not safe and it is not legal also. This can lead to major problem some time. One must take great care while handling this because LPG is fitted inside the cylinder with great pressure and bad handling can cause bad effects.

LPG Stoves in the market

LPG gas stoves are used widely in the market because of its availability and the best features provided in that. No matter what your requirement is, you will get all the sizes available in the LPG stove you are selecting according to your need.

Stove ranges

Some of the stove ranges which comes in the market are – single burner stove, double burner, three burner, four burner, glass top gas stove, Four burner cooking ranges, and many more. There are different companies which manufactures these stoves with great safety and best functionality along with keeping the customers need in mind. All these manufactures are trying to please customers with some new features in their LPG stove ranges. These stoves come in both automatic ignition system and non automatic ignition system depending upon the model you select. Body of these stoves is made up of the stainless steel sheets and the brass burners are fitted on the top of it which are tested and verified for the safety of the users. Some of the most popular names in this field are LG, Premium, etc which provides wide range in the kitchen LPG stoves.

LPG Conversion Kits

December 13th, 2010 No Comments »

Retro-Fitment of LPG kits

LPG conversion has to be done from a retro fitment centre which is accredited by the RTO only. They not only convert your vehicles to a duel fuel system but also help you in getting the necessary permission to ply your vehicle on the roads.LPG Conversion Kits

BIS and ARAI Standards

LPG kits have to be compliant with the stringent rules that are set by the Bureau of Indian Standards. The retro fit LPG kits must also come with the approval of ARAI.

LPG Kit

The LPG conversion kit comes with the following operative parts. It essentially is a build on system that retains all parts of the old fuel system and over it builds the new system to make it a duel fuel system capable of using Petrol / diesel and also LPG systems.

  • Tank, which contains the highly pressurised LPG in liquid form, comes in capacities of 30 to 100 ltrs. The tank which is an integral part of the whole conversion system must be fitted into the vehicle rear or boot space with metal straps in such a way that it must not shift while the vehicle is in motion. The tank has to be a permanent part of the vehicle. Some automobile manufacturers are now offering factory fitted LPG kits which are a much safer and more secure system.
  • The multivalves which controls and checks the filling of the tank comes with a 80% stop-fill safety feature. That’s means the valve closes not allowing further filling when 80% of the tank is filled.
  • A device which automatically shuts of the tank and the fuel supply in the event of a ruptured line. In older days when using LPG for automobile fuel was illegal in India some miscreants would use domestic LPG cylinders in their vehicles. Firstly domestic cylinders are not meant to be used in automobiles as a fuel option. Its design is not suitable for it, nor is its pressure valves which can control the flow of the gas in the event of an accident or rupture in the lines. In a proper LPG retor fitted system the pressure valves automatically controls the flow of the gas in the event of an accident thereby not allowing gas to be leaked inside the vehicle. This significantly reduces the possibility of a fire or explosion.
  • LPG solenoid valve controls the flow of LPG into the system depending upon the mode of selection.
  • Gasoline solenoid valve controls the flow of gasoline into the system depending upon the mode of selection.
  • Electronic control module which controls of the flow of LPG in fuel injection type systems
  • LPG / Petrol switch, which enables the driver to choose which fuel he wishes to use. This evidently means that your vehicle is able to use either source of fuel to run. So you are not limited to the supply of LPG when you are hitting the roads for a long drive.
  • Pressure regulator which enables the vaporization of the LPG from liquid to gas state.
  • Mixer / gas injection which flows the LPG into the combustion chamber

LPG Supply Security Measures

December 11th, 2010 No Comments »

LPG will turn into its vapor form slightly below the standards conditions of temperature and pressure. It is for this very important reason; the LPG has to be always contained in characteristic vessels specially made for this purpose. These designs are almost unique and it is hard to replicate into different forms as they undergo a lot of testing before inducting into the market for public use for safety reasons. LPG Supply

CONTAINER DESIGN

The material with which these containers are made and the government safety engineers design all the typical structure of the container. In fact, these safety engineers just follow the rules and regulations as stated and prescribed by OSHA, the occupational safety and health administration standards to the world community.

VALVES

Apart from the container, the valve that is used to decompress the LPG is of very complicated design. Any malfunctioning in the valve could be detrimental in the particular application of usage. Luckily, the smell of the gas is such that the pungent smell is a great indicator of the imminent danger of the leakage and spreading of the gas. Therefore, even if there is any malfunctioning of the valve you can cite them immediately and call the nearest gas agency staff to attend to the problem immediately. Buying LPG from the nearest supplier is also good from security point of view from that perspective.

PUNGENT SMELL

The reason for such a pungent smell in the gas is the voluntary addition of cow dung gas in the preparation of the LPG. It is made as unavoidable for security reasons. Whether or not you or in attentive mood or listening to something else, the stinking smell of the LPG could be sensed instantly for its leakage if it is somewhere around you.

LEAKAGES

The valves are designed by the government engineers and approved by safety experts before their release to be used in the public appliances. It is for these reasons the customers are strictly advised to see the seal in the valves when they do receive the LPG containers. You need to see if the seal is authenticated or not. In addition, you have to ensure that the seal is not opened. Even in the case of noticing minute leakages, you should immediately return the LPG cylinder to the vendor who supplies it.

WALL THICKNESS

The thickness of the walls of the LPG cylinders is unto a maximum of about 15cm depending upon the applications for which it is used. All those spherical containers, which you see in the refineries, are all of this maximum thickness in their shells. Secured supply is only possible when the LPG is supplied in such specially made containers to ensure safety.

HYDROCARBON SPILLS

The pressure relief valve provided in the outlet of the container is of special purpose. It can let of the excess pressure that is built inside the container through the vent to prevent explosion. The pressure inside the container can be built up easily due to the rise in the heat caused by the unexpected spills of hydrocarbons on top of the cylinder of LPG.

What is LPG Gas Conversion?

December 10th, 2010 No Comments »

Words in for of using LPG

The usage of LPG and the necessity that has brought it into attention of every one concerned with the degrading condition of our environment is because it is considerably cleaner than regular petrol and diesel fuels.

Modern cars are designed in a way to be efficient in terms of how efficiently it burns the fuel. Catalytic converters are used to convert the hazardous gases that are produced into something less harmful. LPG Gas Conversion

The problem with using catalytic converters is that on one side it reduces emission but on the other side the platinum that is extracted from mother earth to make them destroys the natural balance of the environment. As such the net benefit is usually a zero.

A legal form of automobile fuel

LPG is now a legal form of automotive fuel after the necessary modifications into the rules and acts governing the use of automotive fuels have been undertaken by the central government. Consumers now have the option to buy automobiles which are compliant to LPG as an automotive fuel or convert their existing non compliant automobiles to compliant LPG driven ones.

LPG being basically a hydro carbon fuel is available easily and in huge quantities. It is composed of propane and butane mostly. It has the basic advantage of reaching the combustion chamber in a pure form thereby being highly combustion efficient, burning uniformly and cleanly producing in the process less Sulphur and metal based pollutants.

The retro fitment kit and conversion

The retro fitting of a kit which enables the automobile to use LPG as an automotive fuel is what is known as LPG conversion. However having retro-fitted your automobile does not mean that you cannot further use the more common Petrol as an automotive fuel is not correct.

The automobile can be used on a duel fuel powered one by a switch which is installed on the automobiles dashboard enabling the owner / driver of the automobile to use either source of fuel based upon his requirement.

Thus the benefits of having an automobile that can run on either source of fuel gives the automobile driver / owner the option to either run on a relatively cleaner and eco-friendly source of fuel or also run the automobile on a the more traditional modes of fuel which can be handy when either of the source is empty or in short supply.

Safety compliance

The safety of the LPG is enhanced by the fact that these are conforming to the European standards. Thus they by inherent maintains the safety standards set by BIS code. The tanks are secured at the back of the car and come in various capacities depending upon the size and the boot capacity of the car in question.

Further if there are any instance of leakage the gas gets mixed in the air which reduces the chances of fire. Tests have further proved that keeping a car over a bonfire has not even produced any explosion of the gas. The emitted gas needs to be kept in a compressed environment and then set fire to enable it to explode, a rarity condition that one can imaging given the way passenger cars are manufactured these days.

Prices of LPG

December 9th, 2010 No Comments »

Running costs of LPG vehicles

One of the important factors to be considered while decided whether to retro fit your automobile using LPG kit or not is the running cost for a LPG vehicle. While performance wise there is not much difference between a normal petrol or diesel vehicle and that of a LPG powered vehicle, the running costs are significantly different.

Normally if 1 liter of petrol gives a mileage of 18 KMs, LPG will provide a mileage of 16 KMs. However, on average the cost of LPG is 30% – 35% cheaper compared to Petrol. Thus for every KM it gives a savings of 22%. A significant amount if you are commuting a fair amount of KMs everyday. LPG Gas Cylinder

Conversion costs

Another important factor for conversion to LPG is the conversion costs itself. Normally it takes about Rs.18,000 to 24,000 for the conversion of Petrol to duel fuel systems. Given you are driving on an average 50 KMs a day.

Recovery of retro-fitment costs

Depending upon how much you travel a day, you can recover the costs of retro fitting your car in 2 to 3 years. Thus although there is a hefty amount to convert to a duel fuel system, the running costs and thus savings is significant. If you are driving for a significant amount of distance each day it makes sense to convert.

Factory fitted LPG kits

Some car manufacturers are also providing cars with factory fitted LPG kits which costs a little more. Thus it is the same type of discussion if you are choosing between either petrol or diesel car. However depending upon the availability of LPG filling stations these cars are mostly available in the state of Gujarat, city of Mumbai and the Delhi NCR regions.

The main problem of converting into and then solely driving on LPG fuel is the non availability of filling stations in the country. Still now the consumers in the country are in a state of approval or deny and as such filling stations are a reflection of the state of demand for them.

However having said that steps are being taken to narrow the gap between the demand and that of the current availability of filling stations in India especially in the remote areas of the country filling stations are few and far between. So unless you are prepared to use ‘non green’ fuels along with the comparatively ‘greener’ fuel, you will be stuck in a long ride.

Based upon these current facts LPG is usually best if you are only going to drive your vehicle inside the city. The availability of filling stations for obvious reasons is more inside the city.

It is also viable for commercial vehicle owners to drive their vehicles inside the city and thus convert to LPG because the running costs are significantly lower compared to Petrol or Diesel. As they run hundreds of KMs each day, commercial vehicle owners find it better and cheaper and can recover the costs of conversion as well earlier than private vehicle owners.

Overall based upon the stringent safety measures that go into making a LPG kit and tank plus the inherent savings plus the positive impact that the whole system brings to the environment LPG is certainly the way to go and positive start has been made in adopting this new source of fuel for automobiles.

Online LPG Gas Booking

December 8th, 2010 No Comments »

INTRODUCTION:

The LPG here stands for the liquefied petroleum gas. The LPG gas is very much efficient to the environment also as compared to the other gases. Thus it is used very much in all the streams. It is a flammable gas mixture of the hydrocarbons. The LPG is used as a fuel in the heating appliances and the vehicles. In India the LPG gas is mostly used for the cooking appliances that are for the cooking purposes. There are various companies in India which are in the field of manufacturing the LPG gases that is the Indane, HP, Bharat gas and many others.LPG Gas

HOW TO REFILL CYLINDERS:

Thus it is for obvious that is if we are using the gases then we need them to refill also because it will be quite easy for the persons in India to get there cylinders refill. Thus there are various ways by which we can refill the cylinders that we are having at our home. The booking of the new cylinder is quite tough for the persons who are quite busy in there work daily and not having time for these home works. So for the convenience of these peoples the manufacturing companies are providing an additional facility of the booking of the cylinders which will make there work much more easily. With the advancement in the technology the market is full of the options which will make it much easy. So for this they have launched the online booking as well as the booking of the cylinders by the SMS but as compared to that one of the SMS the online booking is very much convenient for the users.

HOW TO BOOK CYLINDERS ONLINE:

The different manufacturing companies of this field are offering different different facilities in terms of the online booking of the cylinders. The Hindustan petroleum has provided its users with a toll free number on which they can call anytime to book their new cylinder or for refilling the LPG cylinders. Indane has also provided with a online booking system that is for the refilling of the gas cylinders. In that system the company is providing the user with the id and password through which they can again and again log in themselves on the website for using the services. Here the company will ask the user there user number that they are provided by the manufacturing company. They have to mention that number there and have to file there application for the online booking of the cylinder. Then the company will give them the time in which they will get their cylinder delivered at the home. If it will not happen then they are having option of complaining also online. The remaining companies of the market are also providing this facility as the bharat gas and the other ones but this chain of work is not that much efficient.

Thus the online booking option of the LPG gas cylinders is very easy for the users and convenient.

LPG Versus Natural Gas

December 7th, 2010 No Comments »

Liquefied petroleum gas, the LPG, is chemically known as the propane gas. It varies from that of the natural gas in a number of ways. Consider to take into account of some of the important aspects of consideration to compare the two gases. Look at the compression ratio level, the efficiency in the form of energy obtained, as well the costs associated with the manufacturing of the two gases, and many other points. You will see a significant difference.LPG

Energy

At the same time from the applications point of view, especially from the consumer view, there will not be any difference experience while using a propane gas or natural gas. It is because of the equivalent performances obtained in both the cases. Whether it is the heating appliance or the cooling ones or even all those applications that are meant for the drying purposes, of the gases do yield almost equivalent outputs.

Combination

When you look into the chemistry in detailed, the natural gas actually also contain propane. The natural gas is a combination or mixture of many of the gases including the propane. While the liquefied petroleum gas is just propane alone as its main content. There is not methane, pentane, butane or the ethane that is available in the case of the natural gas along with the propane.

Compression factor

Significant difference in the utilities between the two gases lies on the characteristic property to liquefy to be transportable. The propane could be turned into liquid for very low temperatures compared to the natural gas. This property of the gas is the advantage as well. You are allowed to compress the gas and it could be carried well in portable containers. All those petrol bunks in the country do sell these compressed propane gas.

Decompression valves

Exactly when you are going to release the gas to be utilized for a specific application, you are using a special valve to decompress the gas. It is to be sent in micro ounces to be utilized effectively for the particular application. For example, consider the gas stoves in your houses and the LPG cylinders. The valve is very important. This is doing the magic of turning down the compressed propane to optimal saturation to be used as a fuel. Consider watching a barbeque grill closely. You will see the happenings to understand in detailed.

The presence of such valves at the source of usage cannot make any difference when you are using the natural gas. They do not compress that easily. You need to be connected to the utility dedicated lines for consistent supply of the gas to your residence or hotels or business place.

Explosion

Good examples to view such applications are the central heating systems in the winter houses, the dryers used in the laundries, and in special water heaters. Explosion during a mishap or accident is of severe damage in the case of using propane than while using the natural gas. The propane is heavier and tends to fall down and explode. While the natural gas lifts up and explodes in the air.

LPG Tanks Regulations

December 6th, 2010 No Comments »

Advantages of using LPG

LPG as a source of clean and green fuel for automobiles scores significantly over traditional sources of fuel like Petrol and Diesel. It is considerably cheaper with no significant difference in performance or increase in maintenance costs, it is considerably less harmful for the environment because it causes considerably less quantity of Sulphur and zero metallic pollutants.LPG Tanks Regulations

Limited filling stations in India

However the usage of LPG is significantly limited by the availability of the filling stations in the country, especially in the remote areas of the country as they are few and far between. With the growth in the number of automobiles retro fitted or factory fitted with LPG kits slowly these will change.

Performance of converted automobiles

Consumers who are accustomed to drive their automobiles on traditional Petrol are sometimes concerned with the difference it will make to the performance of their vehicles. Which is however not the case as there are no significant difference. Conversely their Petrol Guzzlers cause more harm to the environment than the ones which are running on LPG.

Illegal use of cooking LPG in automobiles

Before the Government of India made use of LPG in automobiles legal, illegal use of Domestic cooking LPG was rampant in India. However there are a lot of risks in using domestic cooking LPG in automobiles.

  • Firstly cooking LPG cylinders are not properly secured on to the boot or rear of the vehicle which makes it prone to shift when the automobile is in motion.
  • Secondly, in the event of a crash the cylinders were more prone to explode as the gauge of the cylinder is not that high compared to the ideal gauge for automobile use.
  • Thirdly, the pressure valves and those of the multi use valve which controls the flow of the gas into the combustion chamber is not properly done in the event of a crash there would be uncontrolled flow of the gas inside the automobile thus increasing the chances of fire or even explosion.

BIS safety standards

Bureau of Indian Standards lays down a number of regulations which protects the safety of the average consumer who is interested to retro fitting a vehicle with a LPG kit. The retro-fitting would have to be done using an accredited retro-fitting centre approved by the RTO.

The equipments such as the Tank which will contain the LPG in a liquid state goes through stringent quality and pressure checks. It must be of the desired gauge and must keep the gas in a uniform pressure of 105 PSI or pounds per square inch. Although the LPG tank is tested to with stand pressures 672 PSI thereby tough to enable a high impact crash and or increase of the volume of the Gas from inside and still be able to negate it.

The multivalves which enable refueling are designed to stop-fill at 80% that means once 80% of the tank is filled, it stops immediately.

Various other safety features makes the LPG converted vehicles safe to be driven on the roads. Plus once the retro-fitting has been done by an accredited retro fitting centre, the vehicle has to pass the checking of the RTO. Only when the vehicle is Okayed by the RTO it can be used on the roads.

How to search for LPG Filling Stations

December 5th, 2010 No Comments »

Availability of filling stations

One of the major obstacles to the conversion of your Petrol / Diesel based vehicle into LPG system / duel / mono fuel systems is the unavailability of filling stations in all parts of the country especially in the interiors of the country. This is a major source of head ache for the consumers who do opt to use this cleaner environment friendly fuel for long drives. LPG Filling Stations

The situation is marginally better in places like Delhi NCR, Mumbai and Gujarat where LPG filling stations are bit more in numbers. However that being said, things are improving and filling stations are coming up slowly and steadily. For people who likes long drives, LPG is certainly not the right choice yet. LPG is more suitable for city rides only where the next filling station is within a 1 km radius.

Efforts of major oil corporations

Major oil corporations in India are expediting the set of Autogas Dispensing Stations. Indian Oil Corporation for their part has already set up Autogas dispensing stations in over 138 major cities across the country to dispense Autogas.

Currently there are more than 254 Autogas dispending stations which have the commissioned equipments and manpower to dispense Autogas. More are due to up in a short time. Bases on demands the company is planning to set up more as required.

In terms of commercial viability LPG scores over both Petrol and CNG. LPG is easily transferable and can be stored in stand alone infrastructure. The storage and dispensing equipments can be easily operated. In most European countries LPG costs cheapest compared to CNG and Petrol. Unlike in CNG where costly pipes are to be fitted to transfer the gas; this is not the case with LPG.

Upcoming Dipensing Stations

Plans for new refilling stations are being declared and inaugurated in various parts of the country often with the initiate of the government. Like in October 2010, the government of West Bengal has declared eight new refilling stations to come up in Kolkata. Out of these, two are to come up in the North of the city. The government has already had talks with the major old corporations in the country in this regard.

Commercial vehicles across India often complain that they have to travel long distances to refill because of the unavailability of refilling centers nearer. The West Bengal government has taken a positive step in this regard to reduce the gap between demand and availability of these refilling stations.

Advantages of using LPG

LPG significantly scores over traditional sources of fuel. It is both eco-friendly and at the same time considerably cheaper than traditional automobile fuels. Automobile manufacturers of the modern world have created a modern automobile engine that is extremely efficient. However they have failed miserably in terms of creating something that can reduce the emission that is created by the running of their vehicles.

The catalytic converters that they use in their vehicles does reduce the emission to an extent however the platinum used to create them destroys the environment thereby creating a net zero effect on the environment.

How to convert your car into LPG Car

December 4th, 2010 No Comments »

LPG’s performance as a source of automobile fuel

LPG is a by product of the process of generating normal hydrocarbon fuels. Thus its supply is abundant. LPG is a mixture of propane and butane and is one of the purer forms of fuel. It burns uniformly and as such is highly combustion efficient.LPG Car

Performance wise, LPG vehicles handles the same way that an average petrol or diesel vehicle does. They also undergo the same maintenance schedules. However LPG reduces the carbon signature significantly. Tests reveal that it reduces carbon dioxide emission, which is significant green house gas, by almost 10-15% and also reduces the emission of nitrous oxide by 80%. It also reduces metallic pollutants to an absolute zero.

Use of LPG in automobiles became legal in India in the year 2000 following a ruling by the government.

Retro-fitment process time frame

Retro fitting a LPG kit to a standard automobile using petrol or diesel fuel takes about a day’s work. Usually with the extra caution and compliance required to get a LPG vehicle to ply on roads certain precautions are to be taken. The center from where you get your car to convert into a LPG fuel compliant vehicle has to be an accredited auto centre permitted by the R.T.O to undertake such modifications.

Retro-fitment kit

The LPG conversion kit contains a duel fuel conversion system which comes with the following components –

  • Tank, which contains the highly pressurised LPG in liquid form, comes in capacities of 30 to 100 ltrs.
  • The multivalves which controls and checks the filling of the tank comes with a 80% stop-fill safety feature. That’s means the valve closes not allowing further filling when 80% of the tank is filled.
  • A device which automatically shuts of the tank and the fuel supply in the event of a ruptured line
  • LPG solenoid valve
  • Gasoline solenoid valve
  • Electronic control module which controls of the flow of LPG in fuel injection systems
  • LPG / Petrol switch, which enables the driver to choose which fuel he wishes to use
  • Pressure regulator
  • Mixer / gas injection which flows the LPG into the combustion chamber

The actual process of conversion

The conversion process actually uses the existing system and on top of that build the addendum. No existing parts or system is removed.

  • The first and foremost task is to take the permission of the Regional Transport Authority who is going to approve and permit the vehicle post conversion to run on the roads.
  • Secondly the alterations are done starting from mounting the LPG tank in the rear boot space and the fuel pipes are laid.
  • Third the vaporizer is placed.
  • Fourthly the dash board switch is placed to allow the driver to choose the fuel type; the LED display on the switch also displays the amount of LPG remaining in the tank.

After the retro fitting is done the vehicle is sent to the RTO for inspection and permission. It usually takes 1 day for the alteration and another day for the permission to come.