LPG Tanks Regulations

December 6th, 2010 No Comments »

Advantages of using LPG

LPG as a source of clean and green fuel for automobiles scores significantly over traditional sources of fuel like Petrol and Diesel. It is considerably cheaper with no significant difference in performance or increase in maintenance costs, it is considerably less harmful for the environment because it causes considerably less quantity of Sulphur and zero metallic pollutants.LPG Tanks Regulations

Limited filling stations in India

However the usage of LPG is significantly limited by the availability of the filling stations in the country, especially in the remote areas of the country as they are few and far between. With the growth in the number of automobiles retro fitted or factory fitted with LPG kits slowly these will change.

Performance of converted automobiles

Consumers who are accustomed to drive their automobiles on traditional Petrol are sometimes concerned with the difference it will make to the performance of their vehicles. Which is however not the case as there are no significant difference. Conversely their Petrol Guzzlers cause more harm to the environment than the ones which are running on LPG.

Illegal use of cooking LPG in automobiles

Before the Government of India made use of LPG in automobiles legal, illegal use of Domestic cooking LPG was rampant in India. However there are a lot of risks in using domestic cooking LPG in automobiles.

  • Firstly cooking LPG cylinders are not properly secured on to the boot or rear of the vehicle which makes it prone to shift when the automobile is in motion.
  • Secondly, in the event of a crash the cylinders were more prone to explode as the gauge of the cylinder is not that high compared to the ideal gauge for automobile use.
  • Thirdly, the pressure valves and those of the multi use valve which controls the flow of the gas into the combustion chamber is not properly done in the event of a crash there would be uncontrolled flow of the gas inside the automobile thus increasing the chances of fire or even explosion.

BIS safety standards

Bureau of Indian Standards lays down a number of regulations which protects the safety of the average consumer who is interested to retro fitting a vehicle with a LPG kit. The retro-fitting would have to be done using an accredited retro-fitting centre approved by the RTO.

The equipments such as the Tank which will contain the LPG in a liquid state goes through stringent quality and pressure checks. It must be of the desired gauge and must keep the gas in a uniform pressure of 105 PSI or pounds per square inch. Although the LPG tank is tested to with stand pressures 672 PSI thereby tough to enable a high impact crash and or increase of the volume of the Gas from inside and still be able to negate it.

The multivalves which enable refueling are designed to stop-fill at 80% that means once 80% of the tank is filled, it stops immediately.

Various other safety features makes the LPG converted vehicles safe to be driven on the roads. Plus once the retro-fitting has been done by an accredited retro fitting centre, the vehicle has to pass the checking of the RTO. Only when the vehicle is Okayed by the RTO it can be used on the roads.

How do you get an LPG vehicle?

December 3rd, 2010 No Comments »

Where to buy?

The common question that might come in the minds of a potential automobile buyer is; after reading about the features, benefits and disadvantages of a LPG kit; how they can own one? The answer is simple, either buy a new vehicle or upgrade your existing one.LPG vehicle

Buy or upgrade?

You can either buy a new automobile that comes with a factory fitted kit that will cost you a bit more but will be something that will give you the confidence of riding your automobile with complete peace or you can opt for converting your existing automobile that runs on standard diesel or petrol fuel with a retro kit that will enable you to use LPG as fuel for it.

However the process of converting your existing automobile running on petrol or diesel fuel with a retro kit to enable it to use LPG as fuel can be a bit tricky and require you to go through several hassles, quality checks, inspection before it is declared fit to be used on the roads. If you have decided this is the way to go or still wish to know the process before deciding the read on.

BIS safety regulations for the Retro-fit

Retro fitting an automobile with a LPG conversion kit requires that the kit complies with the safety guidelines as mentioned by the Bureau of Indian Standards. A LPG tank can explode in the event of a fire only if the surrounding temperature reaches a critical level of 400 to 500 Degrees Centigrade. This is however something that is never a reality in the event of a car accident. The tanks of the kit must come with pressure relieving devices, multifunctional valves and excess flow valves.

The LPG tank must be fitted at the luggage space of your car. It needs to be fastened with metal straps so that it does not shift and move about when the automobile is moving. As per the bureau of Indian Standards the tank must be a permanent feature of your car.

Checking and permission by RTO

Once the vehicle has been converted into a LPG enabled one the car must be passed by the RTO before it can take to the roads. The Retro Fitment Centre facilitates this so that the vehicle is endorsed by the R.T.O and this endorsement is a legal acceptance that the vehicle is fit to be used on Indian roads.

Usually the process takes about 2 days to complete depending upon the rush. As LPG conversion is still not a craze in India due to the inherent additional costs applicable for retro fitting and also the limited number of filling stations currently available in India not many consumers are opting for it. However that being said filling stations are growing every day and also LPG gives you the option to choose between a polluting fuel and a relative clean fuel that saves the nation money and the environment as well in the process.

Availability of filling stations

With steady demands in these automobiles from consumers, and the availability of filling stations in certain parts of the country, a number of car manufacturers are also offering factory fitted retro kits. Major places such automobiles are available are Delhi NCR, Gujarat and Mumbai.