LPG Tanks Regulations

December 6th, 2010 No Comments »

Advantages of using LPG

LPG as a source of clean and green fuel for automobiles scores significantly over traditional sources of fuel like Petrol and Diesel. It is considerably cheaper with no significant difference in performance or increase in maintenance costs, it is considerably less harmful for the environment because it causes considerably less quantity of Sulphur and zero metallic pollutants.LPG Tanks Regulations

Limited filling stations in India

However the usage of LPG is significantly limited by the availability of the filling stations in the country, especially in the remote areas of the country as they are few and far between. With the growth in the number of automobiles retro fitted or factory fitted with LPG kits slowly these will change.

Performance of converted automobiles

Consumers who are accustomed to drive their automobiles on traditional Petrol are sometimes concerned with the difference it will make to the performance of their vehicles. Which is however not the case as there are no significant difference. Conversely their Petrol Guzzlers cause more harm to the environment than the ones which are running on LPG.

Illegal use of cooking LPG in automobiles

Before the Government of India made use of LPG in automobiles legal, illegal use of Domestic cooking LPG was rampant in India. However there are a lot of risks in using domestic cooking LPG in automobiles.

  • Firstly cooking LPG cylinders are not properly secured on to the boot or rear of the vehicle which makes it prone to shift when the automobile is in motion.
  • Secondly, in the event of a crash the cylinders were more prone to explode as the gauge of the cylinder is not that high compared to the ideal gauge for automobile use.
  • Thirdly, the pressure valves and those of the multi use valve which controls the flow of the gas into the combustion chamber is not properly done in the event of a crash there would be uncontrolled flow of the gas inside the automobile thus increasing the chances of fire or even explosion.

BIS safety standards

Bureau of Indian Standards lays down a number of regulations which protects the safety of the average consumer who is interested to retro fitting a vehicle with a LPG kit. The retro-fitting would have to be done using an accredited retro-fitting centre approved by the RTO.

The equipments such as the Tank which will contain the LPG in a liquid state goes through stringent quality and pressure checks. It must be of the desired gauge and must keep the gas in a uniform pressure of 105 PSI or pounds per square inch. Although the LPG tank is tested to with stand pressures 672 PSI thereby tough to enable a high impact crash and or increase of the volume of the Gas from inside and still be able to negate it.

The multivalves which enable refueling are designed to stop-fill at 80% that means once 80% of the tank is filled, it stops immediately.

Various other safety features makes the LPG converted vehicles safe to be driven on the roads. Plus once the retro-fitting has been done by an accredited retro fitting centre, the vehicle has to pass the checking of the RTO. Only when the vehicle is Okayed by the RTO it can be used on the roads.